The dominant climate is tropical-savanna type of climate with clearly rainy and dry seasons. The mean rainfall ranges 500m – 1200 mm per annum and normally rains starts between mid – October and. December, February and ends in May. The distribution of these rains is quite inappropriate for agricultural activities and livestock rearing in the District. The soils of Meru district are relatively fertile as they are of volcanic origin. They are well drained dark sandy loams with favorable moisture holding properties. However there is soil erosion in Agro- pastoral areas especially in King’ori division.