MERU DISTRICT COUNCIL
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For more info Visit Meru District Council Website
Meru district council is among the two councils that form Arumeru district. Administrative is divided into 3 divisions, 17 wards, 69 villages, 275 hamlets and 48,768 households. The district has a total population of 225,611 people according to 2002, among which 112,807 (50.1%) are males and 112,804 (49.9%) are females. Meru district council covers 1268.2 Km2
The District Council lies on the slopes of Mount Meru which is the second highest mountain in Tanzania after Kilimanjaro that rises up to 14,000ft/4516M above the sea level. The council is located in the North-Eastern part of Arusha region bordering Kilimanjaro to the east and Manyara region to the southern part. The distance from Kilimanjaro International Airport to Meru council headquarters is 15 km.
Meru district Council was established under Government gazette No. 353 of 2007, following the government decision to split Arumeru district and introduce two Councils Meru and Arusha. Meru District Council started to functions as an independent council from fiscal year 2007/2008.
District executive Director Meru District Council is Mr. R.B Mbunda. Administrative purposes, Meru District Council has a normal structure which extends to all levels, the Council, the ward, the village and sub village level which is the uniform structure according to the legislation. The district is divided into 3 Divisions, 17 Wards, 71 Villages and 281 Sub villages. The following are the wards of Meru disrtrict council;
3. Usa River
8. Seela Sing’isi
15 Maji ya Chai
The dominant climate is tropical-savanna type of climate with clearly rainy and dry seasons. The mean rainfall ranges 500m – 1200 mm per annum and normally rains starts between mid – October and. December, February and ends in May. The distribution of these rains is quite inappropriate for agricultural activities and livestock rearing in the District. The soils of Meru district are relatively fertile as they are of volcanic origin. They are well drained dark sandy loams with favorable moisture holding properties. However there is soil erosion in Agro- pastoral areas especially in King’ori division.
The economy of Meru district like in many other districts depends on subsistence agriculture and livestock production. The council also has touristic areas which contribute significant to council revenue. In general council’s internal sources of revenue are market dues, produces, business and liquor licenses, revenue from miscellaneous taxes, fees and levy as well as other investments/properties owned by the Council.
Agriculture is mainly practiced in small scale where livestock production, floriculture and seed production being the main activities. High quality agriculture seeds and flowers are produced for exports supported by fertile volcanic soil and available water sources draining from mountains.
The District council struggles to link domestic agriculture products with external markets in order to facilitate small scale farmers to sell their produce outside the nation, either it needs investors who want to venture in hand with farmers to make them have access to capital expansion.
The main types of agriculture products produced are Coffee, Bananas, Vegetables, Tomatoes, Onions, Cabbage, Carrots, Avocado, Paddy, Millet, Cassava, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes and French beans. Farmers practice traditional farming system by using traditional farm yard manure.
Animals kept are cattle, goats, sheeps, donkeys, pigs, poultry and camels. Cows are kept indoor producing about 967,886,900 litters per day enough for small scale industry if one needs to establish milk processing industry. The production still increases as more farmers adopt the modern methods of using artificial insemination.
The district is still having a room for industrial expansion from investors who wish to invest on the sector bearing in mind that the proposed Economic Processing Zone (EPZ) for Arusha Region is located within the council boundary.
Within the district there are some important touristic areas such as Arusha National Park (ANAPA), Karanga forest, Lake Duruti and Mkuru Camel Safaris in Ngarenanyuki Ward.The resident’s hospitality, conducive weather, attractive hotels, cultural centers, curio shops, restaurants, campsites, shops and beautiful Mount Meru in the background have special appeal to tourists who visits Usa Town. In addition, Usa Town is near the magnificent Arusha National Park and Duluti Lake.
Meru district council has a lot of natural forests which drain water through different tributaries so as to feed the entire population. About seven rivers run from the top downstream supporting agriculture through irrigation. Also there are attractive water springs beautifying the land.
There is plenty of virgin/fertile land suitable for further forest expansion and investment together with open areas localized in different places depending on the needs and priorities of investors. Moving around, you can visit Arusha National Park with a lot of water sources, rivers and wild animals within and outside the Park.
Lake Duluti Eco-tourism have a foot trails revolving around the Lake shore. The shores have cool weather with beautiful leisure places for climbing, picnic and refreshment. There is plentiful area for hunting in Ngarenanyuki Ward where one can have a nice time to test delicious wild animal meat, thereafter you can go to rest at Tengeru Cultural Tourism.