Agriculture - Food Crops

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Food Crops

 

The major food crops grown in the region include maize, beans, paddy and sorghum. Maize crop is the most dominant crop in the region since it covers cumulative annual average of 87.3 percent of area used in food crop cultivated, followed by beans (19.6 percent) and sorghum (1.9 percent). According to the weather of the region, paddy being the least utilized smallest areas of cumulative annual average of 1.4.

 

 

Maize

 

Maize being the most dominant crop grown in Arusha region utilised 87.3 percent of the total cultivated area under main food crops in the region. At district level, Arumeru district with cumulative annual average of 80,904.1 hectares (58.7 percent) had the largest area under maize cultivation over the specified period. It is followed by Karatu (22.9 percent) and Moduli (8.3 percent). Due to its area, Arusha district had the smallest average area under maize cultivation which was 1,825.7 hectares or 1.3 percent.

 

Table 1: Distribution of Arable Land in t Arusha Region by District ,2006/07
District
Total Land Area (Ha)
Total Arable Land (Ha)
Percent of District Arable Land
Arable Land Under Crop Production
Percent of Arable Land Under Crop Production (Ha)
% of Arable Land as Total Arable Land
Arusha
93,000
6,400
6.9
5,769
90.1
1.3
Arumeru
2,896,000
159,700
5.5
104,733
65.6
32.7
Monduli
6,419,000
81,830
1.3
28,915
35.3
16.8
Karatu
3,300,000
102,573
3.1
38,945
38.0
21.0
Longido
7,782,000
73,164
0.9
29,223
39.9
15.0
Ngorongoro
14,036,000
64,128
0.5
25,651
40.0
13.1
Total
34,526,000
487,795
1.4
233,236
47.8
100.0

    

Beans

These are a continuation of the slopes of Mount Meru in Arumeru and Arusha districts with very high population density and the Oldean Mountain in Karatu district. This zone is known as the coffee and banana zone as it is characterised with coffee, bananas, flowers and dairy farming. The zone has high altitude ranging from 800 – 4,500 metres above sea level and has temperate temperatures and heavy rainfall (over 1,000mm) annually and occupies the largest part of the region, (3 districts).The coffee and banana zone as it is characterised by coffee, bananas, flowers and dairy farming

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