Being the hub of the northern tourist circuit, Arusha region has a well developed air transport system and telecommunication network. The quality of its road network is by international standards not impressive. The efficacy of the road network has rendered the utilization of its railway outlet absolete although it could be the best alternative for goods transportation. All the four major roads connecting the region to neighbouring areas are of good tarmac standard. These are the Arusha – Moshi, the Arusha – Namanga boarder to Nairobi, the Arusha- Ngorongoro gate and the Arusha - Minjingu.
About 300 kms in Arusha region are tarmac roads
The road network for Arusha Region is about 4,753.8 km as indicated in Table 1 which shows that the Trunk road constitutes 10.5 percent of the regional network. The Regional road’s share is about 12.7 percent while the district roads constitutes 38.8 percent and the remaining 38.0 percent ismade up of feeder roads. Compared with the road network in the region during 2003 when it was 3,973 km there is an increase of about 782.5 km.
Arusha Region total road length is 4,753.5 kilometers of which 330.5 kilometers belong to Arusha municipality, 987.4 kilometers to Arumeru, 1029 kilometers Longido, 456 kilometers Karatu, 1116.8 kilometers to Monduli and 834.1 kilometers to Ngorongoro. Thus, Monduli owns 23.5 percent of the network followed by Longido at 21.6 percent, Arumeru 20.8 percent, Ngorongoro 17.5 percent, Karatu 9.6 percent and 7.0 percent for Arusha Municipality.
Arusha region uses various sources of energy for lighting, cooking as well as for running machines. These sources include electricity, gas, paraffin, charcoal, firewood and others
Arusha has a token railway line which is unutilized because itsof marginalization by road transport. The line connects Arusha region with Kilimanjaro, Tanga, Pwani and Dar es Salaam regions. It is an outlet to the ports of Tanga and Dar es Salam.
Arusha region is serviced by two airports, an international airport and local one. The international airport services both Arusha and Kilimanjaro region. This is the Kilimanjaro International Airport. This airport is situated 48 kms away from Arusha town centre and administratively not in Arusha region though this is where the majority of air passengers embark and disembark. The Arusha airport, which is within the Arumeru district, is the second most important airport for the region where in the year 2007 a total of 44,446 passengers embarked and disembarked. In addition there are twelve airstrips scattered all over the region to serve district non-scheduled air traffic for medical, tourist and other services.
The existing Railway line which remained unutilized can be modified and be used for transportation of local and transit goods from Dar es Salaam and Tanga Ports. At the moment Arusha and neighbouring regions are mostly using trucks for cargo transportation.
Ngorongoro and Longido can get power supply from any serious investor who can invest to generate sufficient units to be used for both domestic/ commercially.