Population Size and Growth
Compared to the tanzania Mainland population doubling interval, the Arusha region’s population doubling interval is getting shorter. For the Mainland the 1967 population doubled after 22 years while the 1978 population doubled in 25 years. On the other hand, the Arusha region’s 1967 population doubled in 1987 i.e. after 20 years. While the 1978 population doubled in1997 i.e after 19 years.
Table 2 below shows that Arusha region is among the regions with the highest popgrowth ratesulation. Other regions are Dar es Salaam, Manyara, Tabora, Rukwa, and Shinyanga regions. Because of refugees’ influx, Kigoma is now also a fast growing region. Arusha region has maintained a higher growth rate than that of the Mainland. In 1967/78 the growth rate for Arusha region was 3.8 percent as compared to 3.2 percent for the Mainland. It remained at 3.8 percent over the 1978 -1988 period compared to the Mainland’s out over 2.8 and in the 1988-2002 intercensal period Arusha population growth was 3.9 percent compared to 2.8 percent for the Mainland. Together with Manyara region, Arusha region is ranked third after Kigoma (4.8) and (4.3) for Dar es Salaam.
Table 3 shows the population size and growth for Arusha region by district for over the intercensal period 1988 to 2002. It may be observed that the population was unevenly distributed among the districts. Arumeru was the most populous district throughout this period followed by the urban district of Arusha. Longido was the least populous district followed by Ngorongoro.
|* Includes Longido district|
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