- Kuhusu Sisi
- Kituo cha Habari
Agriculture, livestock, natural resources, mining and industry sectors are the main development sectors which contribute much in the GDP of the Region. Arusha region has about 46.3% its population engaged in agriculture and out of this 86.2% are in rural areas and 13.8% in urban areas. Arusha region is well known for peasant and large scale farming which is so common and being practiced which covers an area of 74,236 Ha which are under the large scale farming.Arusha is the second for having large scale farming after Tanga Region in Tanzania Mainland’s. Also the region was marked 1st to have large scale farming growing coffee, maize, beans and flower industry. Regarding arable land for agriculture, The Region has 559.745 Ha. Suitable land for growing crops of which 41.7% of the land is being utilized, while 58.3% is being used for other economic activities such as human settlement, livestock keeping, national parks, and reserved area. Meru District is the leading in having potential and strategic area for both small and large scale farming about 159,700 Ha whereas Ngorongoro District has only 64,128 Ha which is 11.5% of arable land. Most of the land in the District is occupied by National Parks including Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and Olduvai Gorge limiting free land for agricultural activities.
Besides scarcity of land, Arusha is good in growing different crops for food and trade, among the main crops include maize, beans, paddy and sorghum, though for the last five years from 2009/2010 to 2013/2014 season, there has been changes in Ha planted and harvested due to weather and other National calamities including short rains and severe dry season in some parts of the region, there was a shortage of food experienced in the corresponding consumption periods. However maize is the dominant food crop followed by beans, paddy and sorghum. Coffee and wheat are major cash crops in the region and an average of 15,722 Ha are used to grow these crops annually with coffee being dominant crop.
Food satisfaction/adequacy in Arusha region has been categorized with other regions like Manyara, Kilimanjaro, Shinyanga, Dodoma, Iringa, Mwanza, Mara and Tabora as caught up in chronic and transitory food insecurity due to poor or no harvests (according to ACT Alliance. Geneva, June 2012) drought and Food insecurity in the Central and Northern regions in Tanzania. Inadequate moisture due to the persistently delayed, uneven and erratic rains results into poor crops production. The consequences of food shortage has resulted to black markets where food prices has gone up leaving agriculturists, pastoralist and hawkers with no ability to purchase food during the critical period. However, in year 2016/2017 there has been changes in the rainfall pattern due to global warming Arusha region and some other regions in the country received heavy rains for about three months which disturbed the whole rain pattern season in the region, as a result for some crops like paddy and wheat the rain was enough for planting and for some crops like maize, beans and horticulture was a disaster.